Trafigura reported record half-year profits as volatility and disruption in commodity markets, exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, supercharge earnings for the world’s biggest traders.
The group’s net profit for the six months to the end of March was $2.7bn, up 27 per cent from last year, with the company trading a record volume of oil and metals, its two key divisions.
The results offer the first glimpse of how some of the largest commodity traders have fared as a result of soaring prices and the redrawing of trade flows following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
While the results capture only the initial weeks of the war, Trafigura said it had made a large impact as customers had turned to the company to help “reorder their supply chains”.
“The Ukraine crisis placed supply chains under unprecedented strain, especially in oil, gas and refined petroleum products as buyers struggled to find alternative sources of supply,” chief financial officer Christophe Salmon said.
Chief executive Jeremy Weir said he saw “no let-up” in the market conditions that have driven up the prices of almost every commodity since the start of the year. This week he warned oil prices could go “parabolic” later this year, increasing the risk of an economic slowdown as supplies are strained.
“Global supply chains remain disrupted and the geopolitical situation will continue to be turbulent,” he said, though he warned that inflation and constrained access to energy, food and natural resources would affect economic growth in the next six months.
Trading volumes rose across all of Trafigura’s main commodities, with the company handling a record volume of 7.3mn barrels a day of crude and refined products, the equivalent of about 7 per cent of global supply.
That was a 14 per cent increase from 2021, while it also traded 16 per cent more metals and 13 per cent more minerals.
The oil volumes may potentially decrease after March, however, as the company has severed the majority of its ties with Russia, where the privately held company was the largest trader of crude from Moscow’s state-backed oil champion, Rosneft, prior to the invasion.
The heightened volatility in commodity markets created some strains for the company, with soaring prices forcing Trafigura to extend its credit lines to “record levels” to cope with the higher cost of buying and selling.
Rising prices have also increased the amount of cash traders need to pledge against the future contracts they use to hedge long-term contracts.
Trafigura’s total credit lines reached a record $73bn at the end of March, split across 140 banks globally and up from $66bn at the end of September, the company said.
Underlying earning margins, a measure of performance for commodity traders, slipped to 2.8 per cent in the period, from 3.8 per cent in 2021.
The increased cost of hedging due to elevated margin calls had in some cases hindered access to commodities futures markets, Weir said, adding that the situation would continue to make it harder for all participants to move physical commodities.